Dejen de pretender que no se puede hacer nada para salvar a los sirios

CARTA ABIERTA           |          Traducción: Mariana Morena y Jo Morales

Publicado originalmente en inglés en:  The New York Review of Books y Pulse Media

La ONU dice que se le han acabado palabras sobre Siria, pero nosotros, los abajo firmantes, todavía tenemos algunas para los gobiernos, parlamentarios, electores, y líderes de opinión de los poderes de los que depende hasta ahora el orden legal internacional.

El mundo es un espectador de la carnicería que ha devastado la vida de los sirios. Todo ha sucedido ante los ojos de una audiencia global que ve todo pero se niega a actuar.
Debido a la obstrucción rusa y la irresolución occidental, el Consejo de Seguridad de la ONU no ha logrado proteger a los sirios. En la medida en que han podido aprobar resoluciones, éstas han demostrado ser ineficaces. Todo lo que han hecho es proporcionar una hoja de parra a una institución que parece moribunda. Quizás consciente de la mancha que esto podría dejar en su legado, la ONU incluso ha dejado de contar los muertos de Siria. Después de siete años, estas naciones parecen estar unidas solo en su apatía.

Será redundante enumerar la naturaleza y la magnitud de todos los crímenes que el régimen de Assad ha cometido contra los sirios, ayudado por milicias locales y extranjeras, por la ayuda financiera y estratégica iraní, por el poder aéreo ruso y por mercenarios—así como por la indiferencia internacional. El mundo que mira y cierra sus ojos es su facilitador pasivo.

Los sirios fueros asesinados a tiros a plena luz del día por protestar contra la injusticia. Fueron encarcelados, torturados y ejecutados. Fueron bombardeados por aire y tierra. Fueron sitiados, violados y humillados. Fueron gaseados. Fueron desplazados y desposeídos.

Quienes tienen el poder de actuar han sido generosos en sus expresiones de simpatía, pero no han ofrecido nada más allá del deseo de que esta guerra contra civiles—que grotescamente llaman una “guerra civil”—terminara. Piden a “todas las partes” que muestren moderación, aunque una sola de las partes tenga el monopolio virtual de la violencia; animan a todas las partes a negociar, aunque la oposición no tiene ninguna influencia. Dicen que “no hay una solución militar”, por más que el régimen no haya dado indicios de creer en una solución de ningún otro tipo. Mientras tanto, las súplicas de las organizaciones de ayuda y de los sirios en peligro caen en oídos sordos.

Los refugiados—los únicos sirios que han recibido alguna ayuda—han visto su situación despolitizada, aislada del terror que los forzó a huir.

Hoy, mientras Idlib y Afrin se queman, lo inevitable está ocurriendo en Ghouta, el enorme campo de concentración al aire libre que está a punto de entrar en su quinto año bajo asedio. Lo que sucederá a continuación es previsible porque esta misma fórmula se ha estado aplicando repetidamente durante los últimos siete años. Después de mantener como rehén a una población civil, bloqueando alimentos, medicinas y asistencia de cualquier tipo, el régimen bombardea el área implacablemente, en particular sus instalaciones médicas, hasta que ésta capitula. Aquellos que sobrevivan estarán obligados a abandonar sus hogares que luego serán expropiados para la ingeniería demográfica con el objetivo de crear geografías políticamente homogéneas.

Aunque ya no hay ilusiones sobre el rol del Consejo de Seguridad, todos los estados miembros han adoptado y se han comprometido a defender la doctrina de la Responsabilidad de Proteger (R2P) bajo la Oficina para la Prevención del Genocidio de la ONU. La destrucción de Siria era evitable, y ahora solo puede ser detenida por los miembros electos y designados de los organismos democráticos si cumplen sus obligaciones en relación con la R2P para proteger a la población siria en peligro de sufrir crímenes de guerra, limpieza étnica, y lo que los mismos investigadores de crímenes de guerra de la ONU han etiquetado como un “crimen de exterminación”.

Para que la agonía del pueblo sirio llegue a su fin debe ser frenada por la fuerza. Los perpetradores de estos colosales crímenes contra la humanidad deben ser detenidos de una vez por todas. Hay una infinidad de razones geopolíticas por las que esto es un imperativo, pero ninguna tan inmediata e importante como la inviolabilidad de la vida humana y el ejercicio de la propia voluntad. La inacción reduciría estos principios al estado de tópicos vacíos de todo significado. Para su desgracia, los sirios se atrevieron a creer en estos principios; se atrevieron a creer que, aunque su lucha por la dignidad era sólo suya, no serían abandonados a tal destino en el siglo XXI.

Hoy, apelando una vez más a la ética y los códigos de conducta moral sobre los que se construyen la democracia y el derecho internacional, les pedimos que actúen ahora para detener el genocidio sirio: exigimos un alto el fuego inmediato, un inmediato levantamiento de todos los asedios, el acceso inmediato para las organizaciones de ayuda humanitaria, la liberación de los detenidos políticos, y la protección inmediata de todas las personas sirias.

Afiliaciones solo para el propósito de identificación:

Yassin Al-Haj Saleh, writer, Berlin
Robin Yassin-Kassab, writer, Scotland
Rime Allaf, writer
Leila Al Shami, Syrian writer and human rights activist, UK
Mohammad Al Attar, Syrian playwright, Berlin
Michel Kilo, Syrian writer and politician, Paris
Moncef Marzouki, Former President of Tunisia
Burhan Ghalioun, academician and thinker, Paris
Karam Nachar, Syrian writer and academic, Istanbul
Mohammad Ali Atassi, journalist and filmmaker, Beirut
Ossama Mohammed, filmmaker, Paris
Yasmin Fedda, filmmaker, UK
Fadel Abdul Ghany, Chairperson of the Syrian Network for Human Rights
Ebrahim Alyousef, President of Human Rights Association in Syria, Germany
Nisrin Al Zahre, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris
Nadia Aissaoui, sociologist, Paris
Leila Nachawati Rego, writer, Spain
Hala Mohammad, Syrian poet, Paris
Afra Jalabi, Syrian writer, Canada
Mohja Kahf, Syrian writer
Rula Jebreal, writer and journalist
Yasser Munif, Emerson College, Boston
Mohammed Hanif, writer and journalist, Polish Academy of Sciences
Samih Choukaer, Syrian musician, Paris
Professor Martti Koskenniemi, University of Helsinki
Professor Gilbert Achcar, SOAS, University of London

Professor Nader Hashemi, University of Denver
Professor François Burgat, Institut de Recherches et d’Etudes sur le Monde Arabe
et Musulman (IREMAM), Aix-en-Provence, France
Professor Fawaz A. Gerges, London School of Economics (LSE)
Professor Mutaz Al Khatib, writer, Syria
Professor Joseph Bahout, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Professor James Simpson, Harvard University
Professor Michael Nagler, Metta Center for Nonviolence, California
Professor Ziad Majed, political scientist, Paris
Professor Wendy Pearlman, Northwestern University
Professor Steven Heydeman, Smith College
Professor Joe Schwartzberg, University of Minnesota
Professor Murhaf Jouejati
Professor Lars Chittka
Professor Amr Al-Azm, Shawnee State University
Professor Ghassan Hage, Melbourne University
Professor Ahmed Barqawi, Palestinian-Syrian
Professor H.A. Hellyer, Atlantic Council
Professor Jamie Mayerfeld, University of Washington
Professor Stephen Zunes, University of San Francisco
Professor Anna Kathrin Bleuler, University of Salzburg
Professor Carola Lentz, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany
Professor Dr. Love Ekenberg, UNESCO Chair, Stockholm University, Sweden
Professor Dr. Annie Sparrow, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Professor Dr. Andreas Diekmann, ETH Zurich – Swiss Federal Institute of
Technology
Professor Dr. Marion Albers, Fakultät für Rechtswissenschaft, Universität Hamburg
Professor Scott Lucas, University of Birmingham, UK
Professor Barbara Hobson, Stockholm University, Sweden
Professor Jairo Lugo-Ocando, University of Leeds, UK
Christoph Reuter, journalist, Germany
Janine di Giovanni, author
Haid Haid, Syrian researcher, Chatham House, London
Yassin Swehat, Syrian journalist, Istanbul
Charles Lister, Middle East Institute
Loubna Mrie, Syrian journalist, New York
Rafat Alzakout, theater director and documentary filmmaker, Berlin
Khaldoun al Nabwani, writer and academician, Paris
Abdul Wahab Badrakhan, journalist, UK
Ghayath Almadhoun, poet, Palestine, Syria – Sweden
Subhi Hadidi, writer, Syria – France
Stephen R. Shalom, New Politics

Barry Finger, New Politics
Jason Schulman, New Politics
Omar Kaddor, writer, France
Najati Tayara, intellectual, Syria – Paris
Hazami Zhour, intellectual, Syria
Marcelle Shehwaro, Syrian activist, Istanbul
Kenan Rahmani, Syrian campaigner
Muhammad Idrees Ahmed, University of Stirling, Scotland
Lydia Wilson, University of Oxford
Thomas Pierret, Researcher, CNRS, France
Kelly Grotke, writer/academic, Visiting Scholar at Cornell University
Danny Postel, Northwestern University
Ruslan Trad, Bulgarian-Syrian author of The Murder of A Revolution, Sofia
Stephen Hastings-King, writer/researcher, Massachusetts
Anna Nolan, human rights campaigner
Rafif Jouejati, FREE-Syria
Rami Al-Jarrah, journalist, Turkey
CJ Werleman, Middle East Eye
Shiyam Galyon, Books Not Bombs
Miream Salameh, Syrian refugee & visual artist, Melbourne
Molly Crabapple, artist, author of Drawing Blood
Ammar Abdulhamid, Syrian-American author and activist
Jasmin Mujanović, political scientist, Durham, North Carolina
Senay Ozden, researcher, Istanbul
Nadim Shehadi, Fares Center for Eastern Mediterranean Studies, Tufts University
Faraj Bairakdar, poet, Stockholm
Hanna Himo, Syrian poet, Stockholm
Theo Horesh, author and journalist, Colorado
Fares Helou, Syrian actor, Paris
Vladimir Tarnopolsky, musician, Russia
Sarah Hunaidi, writer, Chicago
Véronique Nahoum-Grappe, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales,
France

Husam Alkatlaby, human rights activist, The Netherlands
Assem Al Basha, Syrian sculptor, Spain
Maen Albayari, journalist, Jordan
Michael Karadjis, Western Sydney University
Stefan Tarnowski, translator
Mutasem Syoufi, The Day After
Najib Ghadbian, academic and activist
Ammar Abd Rabbo, journalist
Laila Alodaat, lawyer, UK

Sarah Kay, human rights lawyer, UK
Fares Albahra, Syrian poet and psychiatrist, Berlin
Paweł Machcewicz, Polish Academy of Sciences
Sarah Kilani, doctor, France
Ibrahim Al-Jabeen, Al-Arab, Germany
Charles Davis, writer, Los Angeles
Marie-Thérèse Kiriaky, activist
Pastor David Tatgenhorst, Philadelphia
Necati Sönmez, filmmaker, Turkey
Francesca Scalinci, independent scholar, Italy
Kris Manjapra, Fellow, Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin; Associate Professor, Tufts
University
Harald Etzbach, historian, journalist and translator, Germany
Zeynep Kıvılcım, Institute for Advanced Study, Berlin
Housamedden Darwish, Assistant Professor, Department of Oriental Studies,
Department of Philosophy, University of Cologne
Qianfan Zhang, Peking University
Lisa Herzog, Hochschule für Politik München
Dr. Eduardo Ballán. engineer, Madrid, Spain
Dr. Matthias Egeler, Fellow, Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin
Alice von Bieberstein, Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin
Georg Essen, Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin
H. Glenn Penny, University of Iowa
Katharina Wiedemann, Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin
Andres Staire, Musician, Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin
Sadek Abed Alrahman, Journalist, Istanbul
Amr Shannan, IT engineer and activist, Istanbul
Nour al-Hussen Villa, Santiago de Compostela
Salam Alhaj Hasan, Bochum, Germany
Habib Nassar, lawyer and activist, Amsterdam
Hussam Eddin Mohammad, Al-Quds Al-Arabi newspaper, UK
Nouri Al-Jarrah, Al-Arab, UK
Khaldoun Al-Shamaa, Al-Jadeed, UK
Ahmad Omar, Al-Arabi Al-Jadeed, Germany
Abdallah Maksour, writer, Belgium
Wael Sawah, writer, US
Khaled Al-Nasseri, Al-Mutawasset, Italy
Sana Al-Aloul, Al-Quds Al-Arabi newspaper, UK
Mufeed Najm, writer and teacher, Kuwait
Christin Lüttich, political scientist, Berlin
Ahmad Barkawi, teacher, UAE
Basheer Albakr, Al-Arabi Aljadeed, UK

Rehab Chaker, Syrian-Dutch translator, The Netherlands
Désanne van Brederode, Dutch philosopher and writer, The Netherlands
Jurgen Maas, Dutch publisher, The Netherlands
Marjolein Wijnincks, Dutch Arabist, The Netherlands
Hanny Wieles, Dutch Language teacher, The Netherlands
Oz Katerji, journalist
Naomí Ramírez Díaz, translator and researcher, Madrid
Santiago Alba Rico, writer and thinker, Tunisia
Rosa Yassin Hassan, Syrian novelist, Hamburg
Indira Mattar, journalist, Lebanon
Mohamad Khouli, Syrian American Forum, Minnesota
Elsa Wiehe, academic
Shilpa Jindia, journalist
Inga Geipel, biologist, Berlin
Viktoriya Sereda, Associate Professor, Ukrainian Catholic University
Luca Giuliani, Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin
Catherine Wilson, Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin
Ghalia Kabbani, Syrian journalist and writer, London
Fadel Sultani, Iraqi poet and writer, London
Yasser Khanger. poet, Occupied Syrian Golan
Mahmoud Mahmoud, Physician, Occupied Syrian Golan, Germany
Turki Amer, poet, Palestine
Randa Maddah, artist, Occupied Syrian Golan
Moheeb Barghuthi, poet, Palestine
Raed Wahesh, writer and journalist, Palestine – Syria
Ali Mawassi, poet and editor, Palestine
Fares Albahra, Syrian poet and psychiatrist, Berlin
Yamen Hussein, Syrian poet, Munich
Abdulrahman Alhallak, Syrian writer and teacher, Kuwait
Hala Alabdalla, Syrian filmmaker, Paris
Anthony Merjan, Syrian-Swedish Association, Stockholm
Murhaf Fares, Syrian Peace Action Centre, SPACE, Oslo
Zeina Bali, Syrian Peace Action Centre, SPACE, Oslo
Vittorio Magnago Lampugnani, Professor Emeritus, ETH Zürich
Joel Hubrecht, jurist, France
Marc Hakim, doctor, France
Chibli Mallat, lawyer, Beirut
Bárbara Azaola Piazza, academician, UCLM, Spain
Özhan Önder, Hamisch Syrian Cultural Center, Istanbul
Eric Ruder, Journalist, Socialist Worker, US
Tim Fieblinger, Lund University, Sweden

Khaled Hourani, artist, Palestine
Bayan Shbib, theater-maker, Palestine
Karama Abu Saleh, lawyer, Occupied Syrian Golan
Rasha Hilwi, writer and journalist, Palestine
Huda Diban, poet, Palestine – Syria
Fahed Halabi, artist
Reem Talhami, artist, Palestine
Ala Hlehel, writer, Palestine
Khawla Ibraheem, actress and director, Occupied Syrian Golan
Maha Ighbaria, Palestine
Aram Abusaleh, activist, Occupied Syrian Golan
Tareq Alarabi, poet, Palestine
Ali Abu Awad, general surgeon, Occupied Syrian Golan
Maya Rahabi, Syrian novelist and writer, Paris
Marwan Ali, poet, Germany
Adam Sabra, University of California, Santa Barbara
Sam Charles Hamad, writer, UK
Isaac Miller, writer, US
Dan La Botz, New Politics
Sara Mannheimer, writer, glassblower, Stockholm, Sweden
Fredrika Linder, artist, Nacka, Sweden
Björner Torsson, writer, Vamlingbo, Sweden
Eva Runefelt, writer, Stockholm, Sweden
Magnus William-Olsson, writer, Stockholm, Sweden
Daphné Keramidas, visual artist, Stockholm, Sweden
Eva Björkander-Mannheimer, Phil.lic., Gothenburg, Sweden
Annika Thor, writer, Stockholm, Sweden
Jan Henrik Swahn, writer, Stockholm, Sweden
Jörgen Lind, writer, Gothenburg, Sweden
Katarina Nitsch, artist and Senior Lecturer, Royal Institute of Art, Stockholm
Laurent Dan Moeri, AntidoteZine.com, Switzerland
Dror Feiler, musician, composer, artist, and activist, Stockholm, Sweden
Kholod Saghir, producer, Uppsala, Sweden
Otto Mannheimer, critic, Cairo, Egypt
Mahmoud al-Rimawi, writer, Jordan
Wolf Lepenies, Permanent Fellow at the Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin
Saad Bintiflah Alajmi, academic & former minister, Kuwait
Haytham Khoury, physician and political activist
Maher Masoud, Syrian writer, Berlin
Pamela Slotte, Åbo Akademi University, Finland
Ann-Marie Tung Hermelin, writer, Stockholm, Sweden

Johanne Lykke Holm, Writer, Copenhagen, Denmark
Massood Mafan, Translator, Uppsala, Sweden
Johanna Schartau, artist and filmmaker, Glemmingebro, Sweden
Anna Jansson, translator, Stockholm, Sweden
Lina Ekdahl, writer, Gothenburg, Sweden
Anna-Karin Palm, writer, Nacka, Sweden
Catherine Coquio, educator and researcher
Cecilia Roos, dancer, Stockholm, Sweden
Khashayar Naderehvandi, poet, Gothenburg, Sweden
Morten Søndergaard, poet, Paris, France
Kerstin Munck, Senior Lecturer, Stockholm, Sweden
Johan Petri, director, Stockholm, Sweden
Hanna Hallgren, poet, Hägersten, Sweden
Lisa Åkesson, Lecturer, University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Polly Kellogg, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Gail Daneker, Activist, St. Paul, Minnesota
Ed Sutton, Antidote Writers Collective, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Comité Syrie-Europe après Alep
Bakr Sidki, writer and translator, Gaziantep, Turkey
Samantha Falciatori, activist and blogger
Patrick Hilsman, journalist and researcher, New York
Terry Burke, Minnesota Committee in Solidarity with the People of Syria (CISPOS)
Andrew Berman, Minnesota Committee in Solidarity with the People of Syria
(CISPOS)
Mary Rizzo, translator, activist, blogger, Italy
Tristan Sloughter, writer, US
Kathleen McKay
Ian Keith, educator, St. Paul, Minnesota
Stanley Heller, television news host, US
Mahmoud Murad, member of Solidarity & RefugeeHub, Sydney
Khaled Sattouf, Syrian activist, Sydney
Mark Goudkamp, member of Solidarity & Refugee Action Coalition Sydney
Alex Johnson: Stop the Intervention Collective Sydney (STICS) & Jura Collective
Austin G Mackell, former journalist, founder and CEO of Write In Stone pty ltd,
Sydney
Suraina Pasha, journalist
Ruth Riegler, writer, editor
Andrew Pollack, human rights activist
Judith Hempfling, Yellow Springs, Ohio, US
Anno Bunnik, Researcher, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
Adham Sahloul, Syrian American
Adam Shatz, writer, New York

Abdul-Wahab Kayyali, Palestinian-Jordanian academic
Neveser Koker, Arizona State University
Diana B. Greenwald, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Harvard Kennedy School
Riad Houry, international development professional, Switzerland
Sawsan Kayyali, pharmacist, Amman, Jordan
Rania Kayyali, Amman, Jordan
Tala Kayyali, health care professional, Cambridge, Massachusetts
Rafah Nached, psychoanalyst, France
Fawaz Mzayek, professor, US
Abed Alaziz Aidy, Syrian activist, Germany
Dima Nachawi, artist, Lebanon
Edwar Hanna, architect, Austria
Assaad Al Achi, Baytna Syria, Turkey
Jamil Nahra, writer, Spain
Kheder Alagha, writer and journalist, Syria, Germany
Ahmad Sleiman, writer and poet, Berlin
Ziad Aziz, Decostamine Initiative, Lebanon
Alia El Atassi, translator, Germany
Mohammad Alhaj Saleh, writer, Norway
Mwaffak Altroudi, Strasbourg, France
Wasim Maziak, professor, US
Zawer Barsbai, US
Anas Alali, Syrian journalist, Libya
Adel Kadri, Tunisia
Esmael Ot Tallah, cinematographer, Sweden
Ismail Fayed, writer, Egypt
Eyas Al Mohammad, journalist, Syria
Jenan Salah, Syria, Germany
Khaled Aljaramani, musician, France
Nawar Bulbul, France
Raeda Deksian -Ashkar, The Netherlnds
Lubna Alkanawati, Syrian activist, Turkey
Karim Al Afnan, journalist, UK
Mohammad Al Hessan, Austria
Khaled Barakeh, visual artist, Syria/Germany
Maabad Alhassoun, Syrian writer and journalist, France
Khouloud Al Zghayare, Syrian sociologist, France
Hashem Tahri, Syrian citizen, Kuwait
Talal Tohme, jourrnalist, Lebanon
Najah Abd Albaki, teacher, Syria
Walid Fawal, Canada

Anwar Alomar, engineer, Canada
Aladin Halim, Australia
Habib Alraii, Sweden
Ahmad Alsharkat, Turley
lama Alnabelsi, Syria – The Netherlands
Abboud Ash-shami, Syria
Nashwan Atassi, author, Paris
Araa al Jaramani, ULB- Brussels
Rehab Hassoun, Germany
Radwan Alrachi, Syria
Nael Balawi, Austria
Muammar Nakhla, psychologist, Germany
Bassam Yousef, Sweden
Huda Jafar, writer, Yemen
Bushra Albashawat, Germany
Nael Georges, Syrian writer
Jan Abaza, Egypt
Assen Hamsho, Syrian activist, Paris
Muhammad Musallam, student, Turkey
Liana Badr, Palestinian author
Mustafa Aljarf, refugee, France
Hazem Dakel, Syrian journalist
Azzam Moustafa, Syrian refugee, Germany
Rami Khalaf, France
Maha Alkhateeb, Syria
Touhama Al Jondi, journalist, Bulgaria
Abdelilah Shafa’a, refugee, Denmark
Radwan Al Rawi, The Netherlands
Najat Elya, US
Tarek Hokan, lawyer, Germany
Liwaa Yazji, filmmaker and writer, Syria
Siraj Sulaiman, Syrian Physician, Saudi Arabia
Majed Al Jomah, Syrian physician
Moayed Skaif, journaist, Syria
Mikael Bourner, Sweden
Linda Baris, France
Sean Keith, United States
Hala Atassi, journalist, Syria
Noman Halawa, teacher, Syria – Turkey
Ayman Owida, writer, Tunisia
Suzan Aldairi Daghestani, mother, US

Salama Darwish, dentist, Syria
Adnan Jaber, writer, France
Aabed Moubayed, UK
Faissal Dahmoush, Turkey
Samira Hassan, Ireland
Ghanem Daghestani, physician, Texas, US
Salah Hanaya, poet, Syria
Nidall Jaouni, architect, Canada
Kais Atfeh, Germany
Hosni Ghadi, Canada, Syria
Siba Al-Khadour, Canada
Suheyl Hammud, Syria
Salam Doudieh, translator, Spain
Waleed Alhaj Saleh, lawyer, Sweden
Omar Zahra, engineer, US
Mohammad Abou Laban, writer, Berlin
Moutaz Rafeh, Canada
Maya Alrahabi, writer and feminist activist, France
Akram Aboud, Riyadh
Rabih Aljundi, engineer, Syria
Mohamed Sami Al Habbal, journalist, Germany
Samir Suleiman, engineer, Australia
Fawzi Ghozlan, poet, Syria
Mahmoud Abood, Saudi Arabia
Mechal Aladawi, journalist, Japan
Anas Alsaied Ahmad, Sweden
Nasser Fardousi, Research Fellow, UK
Bashar Kassir, activist, Canada
Kheder al Shuwaikh, accountant, Turkey
Tamer Jabbour, activist, Canada
Maha Assabalani, journalist, France
Ibrahim Alwash, Syrian writer, France
Mazen El Khash, Toronto, Canada
Muna Antoun, US
Houssam Meli, Philippines
Hareth Sleiman, university professor, Beirut
Ayham Dahi, California, US
Mudar Yaghi, governance and local administration specialist, Turkey
Najwa Zahhar, Jordan
Abir Faroussi, Canada
Hiroki Okazaki, political thinker, Japan

Alexa Firat, academic and literary translator, US
Mhd Mounir Alfakir, activist, Turkey
Joseph Badaoui, journalist, AFP
Bara’a Sarraj, University of Chicago
Mahmoud AboBaker, student, Syria/USA
Mohammad Yousef, The Netherlads
Refaa Alhaj Saleh, teacher, The Netherlands
Rima Flihan, writer, Australia
Orwa Najeeb, doctor, Eastern Ghouta, Syria
Mariam Shareef, poet, Jordan
Bakr Ghbeis, Harvard University
Fawaz Kadrie, Germany
Hadeel Merei Hussein, ophthalmologist, France
Ayed Kazour, photographer, UAE
Qusay Al-Shuwaikh, engineer, Syrian, Oman
Nahla Taher, journalist, Germany
Mansoura Ez Eldin, writer, Egypt
Jamal Mansour, Canada
Tina Abzakh, Sweden
Firas Banna, Palestine
Ahmad Taha, Representative of Damascus countryside governorate
Angie Hussami Finvold, Norway
Sua’ad Khebbiya, journalist, Egypt
Taher Mokhtar, medical doctor, France
Hazem Aboyouness, Sweden
Hassan Alawadh. Syrian writer and phisicia
Samir Nashar, politician, Istanbul
Kinana Roukbi, graphic designer, Beirut
Wael Tarabieh, painter, Occupied Golan Heights
Fae’k Assa’ad, academic, Germany
Mazen Kwider, accountant, UAE
Rasha Omran, Syrian poet, Cairo
Azzam Alhamad, lawyer, Sweden
Muhammad Ukla, painter
Khaled Mansour, writer, Egypt
Hazem Saghieh, journalist, Lebanon
Chaza Charafeddine, artist, Lebanon
Fadi Alshalak, doctor
Nader Alkasem, Danmark
Sanaa Howijeh, Austria
Fawwaz Haddad, Syrian novelist, Doha

Nawal Sibai, Syrian writer, Spain
Raja Ben Slama, author, Tunisia
Belal Fadl, writer, Egypt
Massoud Mohamed, political activist, Lebanon
Melhem Abu-saleh, Academic, Occupied Golan Heights
Mohamad al Rashi, actor, France
Abeer Refai, teacher, Belgium
Adel Taher, engineer, Lebanon
Michal Schwartz
Mohamed Abdel Rahim Abdo, Egypt
Zekriat Saadi, UAE
Issa Almustafa, English teacher, Syria
Ghiath Mhithawi, Germany
Hassan Bleibel, cartoonist, Lebanon
Nizar Murtada, Lebanon
Diana Moukalled, journalist, Lebanon
Jumana Abazeed, UAE
Khaldoun Zreik, professor, Paris
Amal Ataya, psychologist, Lebanon
Ibrahim Lakiss, Lebanon
Ahmad Kamalmaz, journalist, Dortmund, Germany
Rafif Fattouh, writer, Paris
Dirar Khattab, journalist, Germany
Dawlat Derbas, student, Nederlands
Joshka Wessels, filmmaker/researcher, Lund, Sweden
Nauzad Bakir, The Netherlands
Bana Roukbi, Beirut
Baraa Mousa, a refugee without work, The Netherlands
Azzam Tayba, Lebanon
Issam Alfaour, Germany
Rachad Kiwan, Syria
Emad Obeid, graphic designer, UAE
Anissa Daoudi, lecturer, UK
Fouad Salama, medical doctor, Lebanon
Nabil Al Khateeb, play director, Jordan
Ahmad Sadiddin, economist, Rome
Jihad Assami, UAE
Hazim Alaridi, Syrian journalist, Istanbul
Safaa Fathy, poet, filmmaker, Egypt/France
Salma Karkoutli, journalist
Hind Mujalli, Syria

Fouad Mullla, architect, Hungary
Yassine Ayari, parliamentarian, Tunisia
Atef Sabooni, medical doctor, Saudi Arabia
Taher Taher, doctor, The Netherlands
Lubana Al Quntar, opera singer, US
Mania Elendari, social worker, Toronto
Ahlam Younis, Syria
Evana Ward, psychologist, Belgium
Muhannad Qaiconie, university student
Nisal Muhana, journalist, Germany
Nouran Dandashi, Istanbul
Sabah Hallak, researcher, Syria
Hamza Alkhedr, Sweden
Zaid Muhammad, The Netherlands
Mohammad Nourallah, Turkey
Hanine Alhamis. France
Ekbal Balag, cameraman, Russia
Ahmed Basha, journalist, Bulgaria
Mustafa Alkhatib, Hungary
Mamoun Khalife, Czech Republic
Khalil alasmar, Syrian medical doctor, Istanbul
Ahmed Abdeen, journalist, Egypt
Mazen Hassoun, journalist, Dortmund, Germany
Zein Nachar, Syrian editor
Hitaf Alkssir, Norway
Mokhtar Debbabi, editor in chief of the Arab International newspaper, Tunisia
Faten Ajjan, Syrian journalist, Paris
Nawaf Alrakad, Syrian politician, Germany
Remal Nofal, Turkey
Ghazi Dahman, journalist, Angers
Nidal Abou Shaheen, activist
Mustafa Rajeh, journalist, Yemen
Hiba Alhamed, Syrian student, France
Almuthana Alsayer, Berlin
Maya Alhaj Saleh, Norway
Yousef Saed, writer, Palestine
Hosheng Ossi, writer and poet. Belgium
Dalia Obeid, France
Abdurrahman Hallaq, Syrian writer, Kuwait
Mohammad Amin Othman, Germany
Feisal Kerdieh, Germany

Mohammad Amir Nasherenni’am, Syrian, Germany
Hala Alrida, Sweden
Hassan Abbas, researcher, Lebanon
Basseem Ash-shufi, Syria
Joumana Merhy, Lebanon
Adnan Debs, Syrian activist
Ahmad Basha, France
Orwa Khalifeh, journalist, Turkey
Dara Abdallah, writer, Berlin
Khateeb Badle, writer, Turkey
Abdul Karim Majdal Al-beik, painter, Berlin
Sawsan Shahoud, Germany
Adnan Abdelrazak, journalist, Turkey
Rand Entabi, Sweden
Mahmoud Najjar, activist, Turkey
Hisham Almasouri, Yemen
Mohammad Abu Hajar, musician, Berlin
Ibrahim Al Kadri, Sweden
Mohamed Ruchdi Cherbagi, Germany
Bashar Farahat, medical doctor, London
Ruba Khadamaljamei, translator, Istanbul
Talib Alali, engineer, Syria/Canada
Mohamad Zein El Hajji, journalist, Paris
Fouad Roueiha, Syrian-Italian journalist
Sahab Alrefai, jurist, Sweden
Zuhair Fakir, freelancer, Syria
Rosanna Sirignano, writer, Italy
Veronica Bellintani, student, Italy
Aadeed Nassarr, writer, Lebanon
Samer Mokhtar, Cairo
Mohammad Antabli, Syrian Founder of Palmyra relief, London
Sabah Sabra, Canada
Raffaella Piazzi, human right activist, Italy
Asmaa Azaizeh, Palestine
Ammar Al Nakeeb, Belgium
Dr. Safwan Tayfour, Croatia
Manu Goswami, Associate Professor, New York University
Kent Pettersson, psychoanalyst, Stockholm, Sweden
Christer Bothen, musician, Stockholm, Sweden
Sara Lunden, artist, Stockholm, Sweden
Annika Heed, artist, Sollentuna, Sweden

Else-Britt Kjellqvist, writer, Stockholm, Sweden
Babis Carabeidis, Stockholm, Sweden
Claes Levander, Sweden
Hanna Olsson, writer, Stockholm Sweden
Tove Faye-Wevle, curator, Stockholm, Sweden
Marcia Sá Cavalcante Schuback, professor of philosophy, Stockholm, Sweden
Merete Enggaard Jakobsen, Copenhagen, Denmark
Alicia Wideman, teacher, Canada
Maher Kayyali, Arab Institute for Research and Publishing, Amman – Beirut
Fakhreddine Fayyad, Syrian journalist and novelist, France
Obada Hamoudi, Saudi Arabia
Yousef Daees, Turkey
Ghaiss Gharibet, theatre director, Canada
Mohammad Al-Akla, artist, Turkey
Jehan Almachaan, lawyer, Sweden
Mouhamad Moukaled, university professor, Lebanon
Mohamed Ben Jemaa, computer engineer and civil society activist, Canada
Rasheed Alhaj Saleh, Sweden
Shaza Elewa, Egypt
Amna Khawlani, Lebanon
Farah Abou El Sel, Lebanon
Hajjar El Fatihi, Germany
Youla Hana, US
Bassam Al-Kuwatli, Canada
Yazan Douedari, UK
Jamal Othman, psychiatrist, Saudi Arabia
Aza Fahed, US
Bassam Mustafa, translator, UAE
Ahmed Haj Omar, visual artist, Turkey
Hanibal Alhaffar, Germany
Noha Alkamcha, Germany
Fayek Asad, Germany
Lina Sergie Attar, US
Waha Alraheb, filmmaker/writer, Lebanon
Giovanna De Luca, Spain
Cécile Boëx, Lecturer at EHESS, France
Lama Abu Odeh, Professor of Law, US
Sawssan Abou-Zahr, journalist, Lebanon
Rana Zaitouneh, interior decorator, Canada
Caterina Coppola, translator, blogger, and activist, Italy
Bashar Ayub, musician, Syria

Marina Centonze, librarian, Italy
Najwa Zahhar, Jordan
Ahmad Talha, consultant on organisation development, Turkey
Lubayed Aljundi, US
Ola Ataya, psychologist, Lebanon
Ibrahim Mograby, Austria
Bendik Sorvig, writer, Norway
Ahmed Safwat, journalist, Egypt
Dina Al Mufti, lawyer, Egypt
Sawsan Nourallah, development worker, Lebanon
Muhammed Shikhani, research associate, Germany
Maha Ghrer, Turkey
Nader Fawz, Lebanon
Sameh Khalaf, translator, Sweden
Ham Alchirout, Norway
Safi Ghazal, Syrian revolutionary, Athens
Jo Morales, writer and activist, Athens
Marianna Roumelioti, writer and activist, Athens
Nouri Al Jarrah, poet, UK
Engy Nouhy, translator/researcher, Egypt
Mona Zeineddine, human rights activist, UK
Rima Habib, Austria
Hanan Albalkhe, political activist, Norway
Abdellah Sadik, Morocco
Chaima Attafi, women’s rights activist, Canadian Association for Latin American and
Caribbean Studies (CALACS)
Hala Khdeer, Lebanon
Dima Hussain, PhD Researcher, Italy
Rouba Choufi, translator and civil society activist, The Netherlands
Nara Sabbagh, student, US
Antony Merjan, National Swedish Artists’ Association, Sweden
Nour Alamo, Turkey
Samar Almir, civil engineer, Syria
Rafia Al Masri, writer/journalist, Germany
Nawar Akkash, teacher, Sweden

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